Adaptation and Resilience

Our Adaptation and Resilience Programme supports African countries in developing, funding and implementing a strategic response to the consequences of climate change.

Addressing the Adaptation Funding Gap in Africa

Climate change is projected to increase the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events in Africa (WMO, 2020), with temperatures and sea level rising faster than global averages (IPCC, 2021). African economies’ pre-existing vulnerabilities, including reliance on climate-sensitive sectors and poverty, make them highly susceptible to the impacts of climate change.

However, responding to these changing climatic conditions is challenging. Many African countries have developed national-level adaptation and resilience strategies, such as NDCs and NAPs, but have not translated them into investments, signaling the need for further prioritization and context-specific investment planning. The IPCC Synthesis (2023) and UNEP Adaptation Gap (2023) reports reveal that the current financial flows for adaptation and resilience are far from what is needed on the continent and across the globe. Existing funding processes are often fragmented, complex and focused on a project-by-project basis, which is not delivering the necessary scale of investment.

Furthermore, the budgets of African governments are insufficient to address their climate resilience needs (CPI, 2022). In fact, UNCTAD (2022) estimates that almost half of low-income countries are at high risk of both debt and climate crises. Thus, African countries are caught in a spiral of vulnerability, as increased borrowing for disaster risk management and loss of growth due to climate change are continuously eroding their economic resilience and capacity to adapt.

Our Approach to Adaptation and Resilience

ACF’s Adaptation and Resilience programme seeks to support adaptation and resilience efforts on the continent by: strengthening technical and institutional capacity for strategy development and implementation; improving ecosystem coordination; funding research that assists African governments with evidence-based policymaking; and exploring and piloting new and effective ways of addressing the adaptation funding gap in Africa.

Our Programme Activities:

Country Platforms for Adaptation and Resilience Investment:

ACF seeks to support African Governments by establishing country-led investment platforms that (i) facilitate prioritization and pipeline development for adaptation and resilience measures that enable equitable and sustainable long-term growth, (ii) mobilize funding at scale for the priority climate adaptation and resilience measures, and (iii) improve cross-ministerial coordination and broader stakeholder engagement on adaptation and resilience strategy development and implementation.

From Climate Risk to Resilience: Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia

Climate Finance for Adaptation and Resilience:

The ACF has convened a Steering Committee on Adaptation Investment (SCAI) with senior industry experts from African and international institutions to oversee and support the development of innovative financial mechanisms for the mobilization, structuring and disbursement of funding for adaptation and resilience portfolios, including through the effective use of blended finance. The ACF also engages extensively with private institutions to explore how the sector could play a bigger role in undertaking and funding adaptation and resilience measures on the continent.

The Role of Philanthropy in Adaptation and Resilience:

The ACF is a signatory to the Call to Action on accelerating funding and work on climate adaptation. It is also a member of the Advisory Committee overseeing the development of the strategic approach to this Call to Action. The ACF is dedicated to working collaboratively with the philanthropic sector to ensure a decisive, meaningful and complementary approach to the joint effort of supporting climate adaptation and resilience in Africa.


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